Apr 1600 - DUCHY OF LORRAINE - CHAMAGNE  / Claude Lorrain is born. Claude Gellée (le Lorrain in French, Claude in English). Outstanding French painter, draughtsman and engraver, he anticipatedf Romanticism, influencing European Art for three centuries (David, Turner). He spent most of his life in Italy, developing what is now known as landscape painting, embodied by classical mythology.